- 1 The arrangement of the chicken coop begins with the layout of the space.
- 2 We do our own internal arrangement of the poultry house
- 2.1 What to make the walls of the poultry house
- 2.2 Poultry house flooring
- 2.3 Correct placement of perches within the house
- 2.4 Installation of chicken nests
- 2.5 Feeders and drinkers for chickens
- 2.6 Organizing a bathing area inside the house
- 2.7 Net walking for poultry near the chicken coop
- 2.8 House ventilation
- 2.9 Artificial and natural lighting of the poultry house
- 3 Outcomes
Many summer residents and owners of private houses keep chickens on their farm. Keeping these unpretentious birds allows you to get fresh eggs and meat. To keep the chickens, the owners build a small barn, and this is limited. But with this approach, good results cannot be achieved. If the arrangement of the chicken coop inside is poorly done, then even the most productive breed of chickens will not get a quick increase and good egg production.
The arrangement of the chicken coop begins with the layout of the space.
It is not necessary to build in the country a shed for chickens, if there are already outbuildings. Any room is suitable for a chicken coop, the main thing is that it must be properly equipped. House planning starts with determining the number of chickens. Allowed for 1 m2 free area to contain a maximum of 2-3 birds. And then, their number still depends on the breed, since individuals differ in size and habits. When equipping a poultry house, you immediately need to decide what time of year the chickens will be kept. For summer poultry breeding, an ordinary one is not suitable. insulated barn. With a year-round keeping of chickens, the entire room is insulated.
During the planning of the chicken coop space, free space is allocated for walking. Chickens cannot live only in a barn, and they have to walk. Walking is done from a metal mesh stretched over poles. Moreover, its area should be about 1.5 times larger than the shed itself. The height of the walking range is about 2 m. Above the aviary is covered with a net to prevent predators from reaching the chickens. Part of the walking area is desirable to cover with a roof. Here chickens will be able to hide from the sun and rain.
We do our own internal arrangement of the poultry house
Now we will try to provide a detailed description, as well as a photo of the arrangement inside the chicken coop with our own hands, and start with the very design of the barn.
What to make the walls of the poultry house
Build a shed for chickens from any material. You can use bricks, blocks or stone, but for such a heavy building, you will need to fill in a strip foundation. Easier, cheaper and warmer the walls of the hen house will be made of wood. This chicken shed will be very lightweight and can be installed on a columnar foundation.
To build a wooden chicken coop, a frame is knocked down from a bar, after which it is sheathed with wooden clapboard, chipboard or plywood. If the poultry house is designed for year-round keeping of chickens, the walls must be insulated. Mineral wool, clay with straw or foam are suitable as thermal insulation for the chicken coop.
Correctly made chicken coop walls should have windows. Their size is calculated in relation to the floor approximately 1:10. It is important to carefully caulk all the cracks around the window openings of the hen house in order to avoid drafts.
When the chicken coop is fully completed, the walls are treated with a lime solution. This will ensure the safety of the wood, plus good disinfection.
Poultry house flooring
How correctly, better, and from what to make the floor in the hen house, the owner himself decides. The main thing is that it is warm.In general, if a chicken shed is built on a strip foundation, then the floor is usually made of earthen, clay or concrete, while they do not forget to lay waterproofing from roofing material and thermal insulation under the top screed. When frame construction of a wooden chicken coop the floor is knocked out of the boards. For the device of such a coating, first, a rough floor is knocked down from any board. Gravel is poured on top for insulation along the height of the log. The final floor of the poultry house is laid from edged boards.
The floors made in the poultry house are not the end of the arrangement of this part of the barn. Now the chickens need to pour bedding... First, the floor of the chicken coop is lightly crushed with lime, and then sawdust or sand is poured on top of a 5 cm layer. You can use hay or straw for bedding for chickens, but they get wet quickly and need to be replaced every two days. In winter, peat is added to the bedding for insulation, as a result of which its thickness increases.
Even during the construction of the walls, it is advisable to equip the chicken coop near the floor with an opening hatch. Through this window, it will be convenient to throw dirty litter out of the house.
Correct placement of perches within the house
When arranging a poultry house from the inside, it is important to make comfortable perches, because chickens spend most of the day on them. Poles are made from a bar with a section of 4x7 or 5x6 cm. The roosts should be comfortable for chickens. Too thick or thin poles the bird will not be able to grasp with its paws, and this will cause its instability. Even thin perches can sag under the weight of chickens if they all at once do not perch on it.
When making poles for chickens, the timber is treated with a plane to give it a rounded shape. Next, the workpieces are sanded with sandpaper. Finished perches should be smooth, free from sharp protrusions and burrs.
When we equip perches in a poultry house, we always choose their optimal location. The poles can be fixed horizontally or vertically in the form of a ladder, and the appearance of the structure has nothing to do with it. The first type of location is considered the most convenient for chickens, but such a perch takes up a lot of space in the chicken coop. The second type of arrangement is chosen for very small houses. The vertical roost saves space inside the coop, but the birds feel discomfort on it.
Setting up perches in a poultry house requires proper length determination. About 30 cm of free space is allocated on the poles for each chicken. Further, the length of the perches is determined by the number of birds. The poles are fixed at least 50 cm from the floor. When placing the perch for chickens horizontally, the first pole is removed from the wall by 25 cm, the rest are fastened with a step of 35 cm.
Installation of chicken nests
During the installation of the nests, they try to choose a secluded dark place without drafts inside the hen house. In order for the chicken to feel confident and lay calmly, the structure must be stable. It is important that the nests are spacious. To do this, they are made 40 cm deep. The width and height of the nest is at least 30 cm. Inside, a bedding of straw or sawdust must be poured. You can use hay.
Chicken nests are usually made of wood. You can make them out of boards or knock down a frame from a bar, then sheathe it with plywood. Ready-made nests will be obtained from any container or box of the appropriate size. It is also worth providing a small ladder in the form of a ladder. It is installed at each nest so that the chicken can freely enter and exit.
In terms of quantity, one nest is usually enough for four layers. Although ideally, for example, for 20 chickens, it is desirable to provide 10 places for laying eggs.
Feeders and drinkers for chickens
Inside the equipped poultry house, it is also important to properly provide feeders and drinkers. Try to pay attention to the habits of chickens in the summer. Birds are constantly digging the ground in search of food. So it's better to sprinkle the grain on the floor. Chickens will peck food even from under the litter.
In winter, of course, a lot of food will disappear in the large thickness of the litter, and over time it will begin to rot. For this period, the chicken shed should be equipped with feeders. They are bought or made on their own. Store feeders with mesh top division have proven their worth. The chicken crawls only with its head to the stern, and is not able to rake it out of there. With their own hands, poultry farmers make feeders for chickens from scrap materials. Sewer PVC pipes with elbows are not bad for these purposes. They are fixed in several pieces one side by side to the wall. An example of such a feeder is shown in the photo.
When arranging a chicken coop inside with your own hands, it is important to provide drinking bowls. Poultry farmers usually place an old pot or similar container for the chickens. You can do this, but the water will have to be changed often. The disadvantage of such a drinker is the ingress of droppings. The water quickly becomes polluted, after which it becomes undrinkable.
It is best to install store drinkers or made from plastic bottles inside the chicken coop. As in the case of the feeder, the chicken's head only reaches the water. The likelihood of dropping droppings inside the drinker is minimal.
Organizing a bathing area inside the house
Carrying out the internal arrangement of the chicken coop, it is necessary to take into account that birds are very fond of swimming. Floundering in the dust, chickens clean their feathers. It is possible to organize such baths inside the house in winter. To do this, put a shallow trough or other free container, half filled with wood ash. Bathing is not just a bird's whim. The body of the chicken is bitten by lice and other parasites. Floundering in the ash, the bird cleans not only its feathers, but also gets rid of uninvited guests.
Net walking for poultry near the chicken coop
Good walking is important not only for chickens, but also for the owner himself. A bird walking around the yard will peck everything that grows in the garden. To make a simple fence, it is enough to drive 4–6 steel pipe racks near the chicken coop, then cover the sides and top with a metal mesh. They attach a walk from the side of the entrance doors of the chicken coop. Here they also attach a canopy to shelter from the rain.
Ventilation is needed for air exchange inside the chicken coop. Normal ventilation can be used, but in winter the house gets very cold through open doors. It is optimal to make a supply and exhaust system for a home chicken coop out of two plastic pipes. The air ducts are discharged through the roof of the house as shown in the diagram. The exhaust pipe is mounted under the ceiling, leading it above the roof ridge. The supply air duct is lowered to the floor of the hen house, leaving a gap of 20–30 cm. A maximum of 40 cm protrudes above the roof of the house.
Artificial and natural lighting of the poultry house
During the day, the coop is illuminated by natural light through the windows. However daylight hours hens not enough, and broilers generally eat even at night. Installing artificial lighting inside the house will help ensure comfort for the chickens. For these purposes, fluorescent lamps, which give a white glow, are ideal. In winter, you can additionally screw in powerful red lamps. They will help raise the air temperature inside the hen house to a positive mark.
The video tells about the internal arrangement of the poultry house:
So, we looked at how to equip a chicken coop at home. If you follow these simple rules, you will be able to grow healthy chickens that will provide a family with fresh eggs.