Fern fern (male): photo, what it looks like, where it grows, reproduction

The male fern is a common plant that is found in temperate climates. It is used for landscaping park areas, decoration of garden and backyard plots. The rhizome contains both toxic and beneficial substances. It is used for the treatment and prevention of diseases.

What does the fern look like (male)

According to the photo and description, the shitovnik fern is a representative of the Shchitovnik genus from the Shchitovnikovia family. The plant consists of a short and thick rhizome, from which a rosette with large leaves departs. The petioles are short and thick.

The leaves of the culture are long, erect, lanceolate, bipinnate and dissected. The length of the leaf plate is from 20 to 80 cm, its color is dark green on top and lighter on the bottom. The fern reaches a height of 50 - 150 cm.

According to the description, the male fern has a medicinal purpose. Its rhizome has a tart sweetish taste and smell. The plant is also used for decorative purposes to decorate gardens and parks. In nature, it is eaten by moose and other animals.

Propagation of the fern fern in natural conditions occurs by self-seeding. Spores located on the back of the leaves ripen in the second half of summer. Most of them germinate next year in the spring. The bushwort is also propagated by dividing the bush or by side shoots.

Fern fern male in the photo:

Where does the fern grow

Under natural conditions, the dryworm meets in the forests of Eurasia and North America. On the territory of Russia, the plant is present in the European part of the country and in the south of Siberia. The area of ​​distribution of culture covers the subalpine belt, coniferous and deciduous forests, rocky slopes.

The male fern prefers shady places with fertile and moist soil. In the northern area, it grows on rocky and calcareous soil. There are both single specimens and dense thickets of ferns. Most often it grows in moderately swampy areas of the forest and clearings.

In culture, the male fern has been known since the 17th century. More than 30 varieties of shititnik have been bred from the original form. They differ in the shape and size of the leaves. The plant is valued for its decorative appearance, unpretentiousness and frost resistance.

Male fern grows best on moderately moist and loose soils. The shititnik tolerates shade well. Its rhizome is very fragile; if damaged, it rarely recovers. For the development of the plant, an illumination of 5% is sufficient. Therefore, it is planted to fill shady areas.

Why is male fern useful for the body?

The rhizome of the male fern has useful properties. It is dug up in the fall, cleaned of soil, roots and leaves. Then the raw material is dried in the fresh air. The root of the plant contains tannins, phenolic compounds, flavonoids, essential oil.

Attention! The fern rhizome contains poisonous substances.They are capable of paralyzing the central nervous system of living organisms.

Male fern root has the following effects on the human body:

  • neutralizes the activity of tapeworms and worms;
  • relieves cramps, pain in rheumatism;
  • disinfects and heals wounds;
  • stimulates immunity;
  • relieves inflammation;
  • slows down the growth of malignant cells.

The use of male fern in traditional medicine

The main application of the fern is found in folk medicine. Its medicinal properties have been known since ancient times. The advantages of the thyme are its availability in nature and in pharmacies, as well as its low cost. The root and leaves of the plant are harvested on their own or bought in the form of ready-made raw materials. Before starting treatment, you should definitely consult your doctor.

The shield beetle is used strictly according to the recipe. Violation of the dosage of drugs and the rules of administration can cause poisoning and other health problems. The funds are taken orally or used in the form of lotions and compresses.

From worms

According to reviews, male fern is a proven and effective remedy for worms. When injected into the body, parasites impair the functioning of the digestive and genitourinary systems. As a result, the structure of the tissue changes, which leads to the formation of cysts and tumors.

Phylic acids are contained in the root of the thyme. When parasites enter the body, their action causes complete paralysis of their muscles. Then the worms are removed with a laxative. However, this method is deprecated. Replaced by more modern drugs that contain fern root extract. In its pure form, this component is used to treat pets.

The easiest way is to purchase a ready-made medicine in capsules of 500 g. If the product is prepared independently, then the required amount is measured using a scale. The daily dose of the drug is 5 - 7 g for adults. The doctor will determine the norm for children. Depending on age, it will be 2 - 5 g.

Treatment consists of two stages: preparation and reception of the fern itself. It is recommended to follow a diet 5-7 days in advance. The diet includes foods rich in proteins and carbohydrates. This includes milk porridge, cottage cheese, kefir, boiled fish, jelly, tea, white bread. Refuse fatty foods to the maximum.

In the evening on the eve of the fern reception, they also refuse a hearty dinner. It is enough to drink tea with a small piece of bread or choose other foods that are easy for digestion. Then a solution of laxative salt (30 g) is drunk.

Rules for taking male fern from worms:

  1. In the morning before breakfast, take several tablets every 15 minutes.
  2. An hour later, they drink a salt-based laxative.
  3. After 2 hours, you can eat.
  4. Stools will appear after 3 hours. If this does not happen, an enema is given.

With varicose veins

Compresses are a simple and effective way to treat varicose veins. It is used in the initial stages, when the disease has not yet spread. In addition, fern compresses can be made to prevent varicose veins.

Dried fern root can alleviate the symptoms of this disease. The tool is used externally. To do this, cut off the leaves of the plant bush. Then grind them with a knife or food processor to get a homogeneous gruel.

The resulting mass is mixed with sour milk in equal proportions. The resulting mixture is applied to the dilated veins. The thickness of the layer is 1 cm. A bandage of gauze or other fabric is applied on top. After 4 - 5 hours, it is removed. The mass is washed off with running water.

Attention! Treatment of varicose veins with fern lotions is repeated every 3 to 4 days. Then they take a break for a week.

With inflammation of the ovaries

Another way to use male fern is to treat ovarian inflammation. For this, fresh or dried leaves of the plant are used.

Rules for the use of fern leaves for inflammation of the ovaries:

  1. Measure 10 g of the leaves of the plant bush.
  2. Raw materials are placed in glass or ceramic containers.
  3. Then pour 250 ml of boiling water.
  4. The tool is insisted for 15 minutes.
  5. The liquid is filtered.

The rate of fern infusion is 60 ml, three times a day. The duration of treatment is no more than 20 days.

The resulting infusion can be used as an expectorant for bronchitis and other colds. For this 2 - 3 times a day gargle. As a result, inflammation and pain are relieved.

With oncological diseases

In oncological diseases, thyme is used as an additional method of treatment. The fern root contains substances that slow down the multiplication of cancer cells. Before taking, consult a doctor. Such a remedy may not be compatible with other methods of treatment, since it contains alcohol.

To prepare the drug, take the rhizomes of the male fern. It is best to use fresh raw materials harvested in the spring. The root is washed well to remove dirt and cut into small pieces. Then 1/3 of the resulting mass is filled into a glass container and poured with high-quality cognac.

The aging period of the male fern tincture is 3 weeks. Then it is filtered, the resulting mass is discarded. The tool is taken three times during the day before meals, 5 ml each.

For the treatment of joints

Male fern is effective for treating joints with rheumatism, gout, arthritis. Fresh fern leaves are cut in the spring or summer. They are placed on a mattress and covered with a sheet. If you constantly sleep on the leaves of the thyme, you can get rid of the manifestations of these diseases. In the morning, the leaves are thrown away.

To relieve pain and inflammation in the joints, compresses are made based on an aqueous decoction of thyme. For 300 ml of water, 2 tbsp is required. l. dried roots. The ingredients are placed in a saucepan, which is put on fire. The liquid is brought to a boil, then removed from the stove and cooled. A decoction compress is applied to sore spots.

A tincture from the root of a male fern with vodka helps well with diseases of the joints. To obtain it, mix 1 part of the raw material into 2 parts of vodka. The tool is insisted for 3 weeks, after which it is filtered and used for grinding. As a result, pain goes away, blood circulation and joint mobility improve.

For skin problems

When used externally, male fern improves skin condition. The substances in its composition promote wound healing and help fight skin diseases.

In the presence of warts, papillomas and other formations, rubbing with an alcoholic tincture of thyme is practiced. For its preparation, take the crushed root of the male fern and fill it with medical alcohol. The ratio of the components is 1: 2, respectively. After 3 weeks, the product is ready for use.

Fresh male fern juice is effective for wound healing. The collected leaves are cut into large pieces and turned through a meat grinder. Then the mass is squeezed out and the bandage is soaked in juice. It is applied to wounds and other skin lesions. The dressing is changed daily.

Why are baths with a decoction of shieldworm useful?

Taking a bath can be turned into a healing procedure. To do this, add a decoction of male fern to the water. The procedure helps relieve cramps in the limbs, joint pain and heal purulent wounds.

Advice! In addition to the thyme, other herbs are added to the water: horsetail, St. John's wort, plantain, lingonberry, coltsfoot.

To prepare the broth, take 100 g of fresh root and 50 g of dried root. Raw materials are poured into 3 liters of water and placed on the stove. Boil the product over low heat for 2 - 3 hours. Then remove the pan from the stove and filter the contents.

The resulting decoction of the thyme is added to water with a temperature of 30 ° C. The bath is taken within 10 - 15 minutes. The procedure is repeated every other day.

The use of the shield bark in medicine

The thyroid gland has become one of the components of medicines. It is added to medicines to get rid of parasites. A useful extract is also obtained on the basis of male fern.

Medicines based on thyroid

Many medicines have been created on the basis of the thyroid gland. Basically, these are drugs for getting rid of worms and other parasites. They are taken strictly according to the doctor's prescription. Be sure to observe the dosage without exceeding it.

The most popular male fern-based medicine is Filixan. This is a remedy for getting rid of worms. Its main component will be the rhizome of the thyme. It is produced in the form of tablets, which are taken orally once. The maximum dosage is 10 g per day.

Filixan has side effects. These are abdominal pains, nausea, dizziness, diarrhea, loss of energy, loss of consciousness. To eliminate them, gastric lavage is performed and a salt-based laxative is taken. Be sure to call a doctor. The patient is advised to drink more warm liquid. To normalize the condition, a specialist may inject an injection of caffeine or barbiturates.

Male fern extract

The thyme extract is an herbal anthelmintic drug that comes in the form of capsules or liquid. It is obtained by extracting useful components from the rhizome of the male fern. The capsules are coated with a gelatinous shell and contain 0.5 g of extract.

Indications for taking the drug are the presence of parasitic infectious diseases. Treatment is carried out under the supervision of a physician. The product is not compatible with castor oil. The maximum dose is 8 g per day.

Instructions for using male fern extract:

  • with hymenolepiasis - 1 capsule every 3 minutes, the period of admission is no more than 30 minutes;
  • with teniidoses - up to 7 g of the drug during the day.

Treatment is carried out in cycles under the supervision of a physician. Before taking the extract, make an enema. An interval of 10 to 12 days should elapse between procedures.

Limitations and contraindications for use

Due to the content of toxic substances, the thyme has contraindications. It is not allowed to take drugs based on it for people suffering from heart and stomach diseases.

Male fern is contraindicated in the following cases:

  • angina pectoris;
  • low pressure;
  • heart failure;
  • anemia;
  • stomach ulcer;
  • tuberculosis;
  • liver and kidney damage;
  • feverish conditions.

It is also forbidden to use the drug during pregnancy and breastfeeding. In addition, it is not recommended to give the drug to children under 14 years of age.

When using male fern, the dosage is strictly observed. With excessive use, the drug causes poisoning, the first signs of which are dizziness, vision problems, nausea, vomiting, convulsions, diarrhea, and heart failure. With individual intolerance, an allergic reaction is possible.

Advice! If symptoms of poisoning appear, consult a doctor immediately. Before the arrival of a specialist, gastric lavage is performed.


The male fern is one of the most abundant plants in the world. It is distinguished by its unpretentiousness and decorative appearance. The rhizome and leaves of the thyme are used for medicinal purposes. Consult a physician prior to use. Fern helps to get rid of parasites in the body, heal wounds, improve symptoms of inflammation of the ovaries, varicose veins, joint diseases.

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